Gallstones & Kidney Stones. What causes gallstones and how does gallstone attacks and urinary stones?
Gallstones occur in the gallbladder. Bile include eg cholesterol and the concentration of cholesterol in bile is increased produces gallstones. One can have many very small gallstones in the gallbladder, without causing symptoms, but if a stone grows larger and gets stuck in the bile duct, one gets very painful attacks (gallstone attack). The stones can be very different appearance and size from a few millimeters (called gravel) and up to the stones of 2-3 cm. We do not know why some people form gallstones. However, there is often a degree of accumulation of the disease within the family, but we have not demonstrated a clear hereditary factor. Anyone can get gallstones. However, rarely children and adolescents. The incidence increases with age. In Europe, approximately every fifth woman and every 10 man gallstones at some stage of his life - usually around 60-70 years of age. Gallstones consisting of cholesterol and calcium, are formed in the gall bladder, which is located in the upper right portion of the stomach just below the ribs. The incidence of gallstones in the Western world due to dietary habits and lifestyle.
Gallstone attacks and symptoms of gall stones (cholecystolithiasis)
Most gallstones give no symptoms at all and are found randomly in the study of other disorders. In such cases there shall be no treatment. However, stones in the gallbladder also cause violent colic-like pains of hours. - Danger signals are:
- Sudden severe abdominal pain, which is unknown or previously been studied.
- Pain is typically localized to the gastric upper right side.
- The pain may also be between the shoulder blades, radiating to the back.
- By attack increases the pain through the first hour and is then constant.
- Pain attacks are frequently accompanied by nausea and vomiting.
A gallstone attack occurs because the muscles in the gallbladder and the duodenum contracts in an attempt to expel it, or the stone that is stuck in the bile duct. If you have a seizure will usually feel very ill with nausea and vomiting. Gallstone attacks can be complicated by fever or a yellow discoloration of the skin and eyes. If this happens, call your doctor immediately.
What can be done about gallstone attacks?
Eat high fiber and low fat. Eat more fruits, more vegetables and bran products (breakfast) and so avoid fatty meals such as eggs, onions and smoked food and coffee. Sugar increases the risk of gallstones. So does being overweight. Apparently Resium natural product that works on cleansing the vital parts of the body, helping someone to get rid of their gallstones. Do you get hurt by the gallbladder that resemble anything you've experienced before, you may try painkillers over the counter medication type Paracetamol, available as eg Pamol flash a melting tablet for pain and fever. Possibly. you can put something warm on your stomach. As mentioned, the vast majority of gallstone attacks go by itself within a few hours and usually requires no acute response. But call your doctor if you repeatedly get pain in the upper right abdomen just below the ribs and no history of seizures (sudden severe abdominal pain). And call your doctor immediately if an attack is so powerful that ordinary. painkillers do not help or if a gallstone attack complicated by fever or you develop yellow eyes.
Stones in the bile duct
Requires often hospitalization, where different types of studies conducted, for example, ultrasound and possibly MRI of the abdomen. On suspicion of stones in the bile duct performed X-ray of bile ducts with contrast medium via an abdominal laparoscopy (ERCP). With this method one can detect gallstones and remove them. Stone, who may be of very different appearance and size. From a few millimeters (gravel) and up to stones of 2-3 cm
Gallstones can cause complications in the form of cholecystitis. For instance, if during a pain attack occurs while fever may be signs of inflammation of the gallbladder, which presents with prolonged pain and fever and tenderness when you press on the abdomen below the right rib edge. When cholecystitis is typically much pained, and it does dramatically hurt if you mentioned pressing on the abdomen below the right rib edge. Cholecystitis may rarely be seen without that you have gallstones. You should seek medical attention and often require hospitalization for further investigation, possibly surgery.
Can gallbladder dispensable?
Gallbladder function as a depot, where bile can be stored until needed for it in connection with a meal. When you eat, pulls the gallbladder contract and empty its bile thereby into the duodenum. After removal of the gallbladder bile simply flows more continuously into the intestine, and digestive function is not affected appreciably. There may, however, after a particularly fatty meal result tends to loose stools. - Pain after removal of the gall bladder, biliary dyskinesia. Dyskinesia means that the muscles are working improperly so as to provide those of convulsions, here in the bile ducts, and sphincter in the duodenum. The most common causes of discomfort after removal of the gallbladder, however, other diseases such as reflux with reflux of acid from the stomach to the esophagus, stomach ulcer or following surgery on the stomach, pancreas inflammation, or irritable bowel syndrome.
Since pancreatic duct located near the bile duct, may in some cases developed pancreatitis, when a stone passes through the bile duct. This often leads to severe persistent pain in upper abdomen. The condition often requires treatment.
Treatment and gallstone surgery
If you have many gallstones, it is a good idea to have them removed so they do not get stuck in the bile duct and trigger a gallstone attack. The stones are formed in the body of the gallbladder, which is part of the disease, and therefore treated gallstones always to an operation in which both stones and gallbladder removed. Leaving the gall bladder will be rapidly formed stones again. There are several types of cholecystectomy, but surgery is usually as keyhole surgery and mini-incision surgery. Operation with the keyhole technique is a gentle procedure which is associated with few problems. It is therefore normal that after surgery can be printed that same afternoon or after 1-2 days. In some cases it may be impossible to carry out the operation with keyhole technique, it must then be on the way to switch to an orderly open surgery with a long incision under the right rib edge. In such cases will typically be in the hospital for 2-4 days after surgery. Both in "keyhole" surgery, open surgical skin stitched together with the threads or skin clips to be removed about 10 days after surgery.
Of urinary calculi (Nephrolithiasis)
Stones in the urinary tract are very common disorder. Kidney stones manifested by sudden pain in one side of the spine (lumbar region). Pains that come in walks (renal colic), are very powerful and will typically beam in the stomach and down to the groin, or show up as shooting pain down to the crotch. At the same pain can cause nausea and vomiting. When a kidney stone attack while fever, call your doctor immediately. As mentioned, the kidney stones very common and occur more frequently than, say, gallstones and appendicitis. The disease is found three times as frequently in men than in women. Almost every fifth man will, at some point in his life, suffer from kidney stones and is seen most often in the 30-40 years of age, but occurs in all ages. The reason is that urine contains large quantities of waste materials which are difficult to keep dissolved in the urine and therefore may serve as stone. Kidney stones may be located in the renal pelvis, the ureter, the bladder or urethra, and shown by pain.
Where does it hurt by stones and sudden renal colic?
Where it hurts depends on where the kidney stone is located. If kidney stone is located in the renal pelvis, the pain will be localized in the lower back or flank. Are kidney stone in the ureter, the pain felt at the bottom of the stomach and beam down into the scrotum or labia. Stones in the bladder manifested by a sudden stop in urination, taking the stone closing off the urine. When kidney stone from getting into the urethra, will the pain being localized to the penis and the vagina. Kidney stone pain comes quickly, very strong and lasting. Pain lasts from half an hour to a few hours, but may rarely persist for up to one day. While pain is often nausea and vomiting. A few times, but not often seen blood in the urine. Kidney stones can stop the passage of urine from the kidney and out, which means that the urine accumulate upstream of the renal urine stone. Is it on for more than a few weeks, kidney damage, because the urine is pressed kidney. However, most kidney stones are so small that they flushed out with urine. Once the stone has come out, you are healed. However, the fact is that once you've had kidney stones, there is a 50% risk of forming stones again within the next 10 years. An unpleasant complication of kidney stones is inflammation in the urine. If this happens do you get beyond the referred pain caused by kidney stone, high fever and chills.
How are kidney stones?
Initially, pain is alleviated. You can even try with ordinary painkillers such as Paracetamol OTC type, available as eg Pamol flash a melting tablet for pain and fever. Drink plenty of fluids, which can help to flush the stone out. Call your doctor if you are bothered by multiple kidney stone attacks over several days or if the painkillers you have does not help the pain or if you have kidney stone attacks with pain and concomitant fever. Physicians will often use anti-rheumatic drugs by injection, tablet or suppository. However, it may prove necessary with stronger agents such as morphine preparations. Where pain is lengthy, particularly if the intense or adjacent to the fever, acute must be hospitalized for further processing such as the temporary insertion of catheters into the urinary tract, or which may be performed through the telescope operation urethra and the bladder into the ureter.