Diarrhea (and travelers diarrhea)
Diarrhea (or diarrhoea) are frequent watery stools, often accompanied by vomiting and fever. Diarrhea is not a disease in itself but an unpleasant condition that almost everyone has experienced. Diarrhoea is usually due to gastrointestinal infection with bacteria or virus, but may also be due to poisoning, allergies, intestinal diseases and use of drugs. But stress can cause a condition where the intestine is irritated, and you get diarrhea, just as one can be exposed to foreign bacteria (travelers' diarrhea). It is unpleasant to have diarrhea, but rarely dangerous. There is no need for medical treatment if there is a single case of diarrhea. But diarrhea is severe and lasts several days, it is important to avoid dehydration due to dehydration. As mentioned, is due to diarrhea in most cases a gastro-intestinal infections due to a virus or a bacterium. And then there's not much to do besides get it through.
Note that diarrhea is transmitted by direct contact and touch, hence the term playing sick (virus) also known as norovirus infection. Acute diarrhea is usually due infection or food poisoning. Treatment can be done with 'stopping' non-prescription medicines such as Imodium Plus tablets against diarrhea and cramps, and afførin gene quickly becomes normal, by eating sour milk as A-38, Acidophilus or Cultura.
What do you do to stop diarrhea?
Avoid dehydration. Drink plenty to avoid dehydration. Symptoms of dehydration is dark scanty urine, thirst, lethargy, general malaise & headache. Drink what you like. Mix example 1 glass of water with 1 teaspoon of salt and sugar or juice as needed (rehydration fluid), which also can be purchased at pharmacies. Stools become normal quickly if you mentioned eating sour milk products as A-38, Acidophilus or Cultura.
Medications that stop diarrhea may be available over the counter such as Imodium Plus tablets or Prop Iden, Imolope and Loperamide. Over the counter medicines used briefly for acute diarrhea. Since diarrhea is very contagious, so be sure to wash your hands after using the toilet - soap removes dirt, hand rubbing alcohol removes the infection. Consult a doctor if diarrhea despite medical treatment lasting more than a week if there is blood or mucus in your stool, high fever and abdominal pain or signs of dehydration (evidenced by lack of urination).
What is Traveler's Diarrhea - and what can be done?
Diarrhea is the most common illness when traveling, and can be caused by both bacteria, viruses and parasites. The risk of travelers' diarrhea is greatest (very large) by traveling to Africa, Asia, Central and South America, somewhat less on travel to Southern Europe, Eastern Europe and the Middle East, and lowest risk is when traveling in Western Europe, North America and Australia. In 8 out of 10 cases due to travelers' diarrhea infection by bacteria. A sudden onset of diarrhea with loose stools accompanied by abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, fever el-clay blood in the stool. Usually stops diarrhea within 3-4 days but may in some cases last up to 2 weeks. There is rarely a need for hospitalization.
Travel Diarrhoea typically starts already 3-4 days after arrival at destination. Infection occurs through food and beverages such as tap water, ice cubes made from tap water and fruit, salad and vegetables washed in contaminated water. Water polluted by sewage water and bacteria commonly coli bacteria, but perhaps also Salmonella, Shigella and Campylobacter. Furthermore, inadequate boiled or fried foods a frequent source of infection. Virus and parasites are responsible for less than 10 percent of the cases (diarrhea caused by viruses disease). A basic rule to avoid infection and travelers' diarrhea is: "Cook it, boil it, peel it - or leave it", ie. fry, boil it, peel it - or leave it. - Click Click health insurance and vacation abroad >>
Treatment, if you incur a travel diarrhea
Replace fluid loss by drinking plenty of bottled water or boiled water. Infirm, elderly and children who are particularly prone to dehydration, it is advisable to supplement with fluid replacement from the pharmacy or boiled water with 7 teaspoons of sugar and ½ teaspoon salt per liters. Limit food and drinks for tea and soft drinks such as cola, plain crackers and toasted French bread. As the appetite returns, supplemented with simple dishes that are cooked or baked in the oven. Use a prescription free diarrheal agent, such as Imodium or Imodium Plus.
Talk to your doctor if symptoms last longer than 24 hours if you have a fever over 38 degrees or if there is mucus or blood in the stool. The treatment is done by taking two tablets stop means, or Imodium plug side, and a ciprofloxacin 500 mg, once the starting diarrhea. Children and pregnant women should instead take advantage of Zitramax. Has no effect, we do well to consult a doctor. If persistent or bloody diarrhea, you can supplement with Metronidazole, by taking 2000 mg once daily for three days. For diarrhea in children it is important to replace fluids and salttab. This is done by using pre-mixed sugar-salt mixture (rehydration fluid) which can be purchased at pharmacies. For example, select Revolyt or perhaps best Floridral additionally containing lactic acid bacteria, which may help to stabilize the intestinal function.
Herbal and Natural remedies for Diarrhea and Loose stools
For the prevention of diarrhea, the garlic, is helpful for example, garlic Candolic capsules. Potato flour mixed with water (3 tablespoons) works by stopping acute diarrhea. Molkosan concentrate from fresh cheese whey that stimulates the normal metabolism and helps a good intestinal flora. Berber-containing herbs as goldenseal, Hydrastis canadensis and Berberis (bark or root) has a good effect on diarrhea treatment. Including travel diarrhea, dysentery, giardiasis, paratyphoid and cholera.
Dried blueberries and blueberry leaves is very effective against diarrhea. In chronic diarrhea, a daily deficit of vitamin B3 (niacin) is attempted. Make sure you have identified the cause of the chronic condition. It is important to keep fluid intake up at least 3 liters a day for an adult - and make sure to get enough salt and sugar, which can best do by drinking varied, for example. juice, soup, boiled water and coconut milk and the like. The stronger the diarrhea, the more you should drink. Avoid fatty foods, where the contrary grated apples, carrots, toasted bread and oatmeal is good.